Wednesday, August 23, 2017

6 September 2017: The impact of the GST on Indian investment

Gaurav S. Ghosh
Ernst & Young

Abstract:
The GST is the most far-reaching restructuring of the Indian tax regime since independence. Its impacts will ramify through all sectors of the Indian economy, from investment through production and consumption. We focus specifically on the impact of the GST on incentives to invest in India. To do this, we measure the tax cost of investment in the pre-GST and post-GST environments, and compare these costs across sectors and at the all-India level. Our metric for the tax cost of investment is the Marginal Effective Tax Rate (“METR”), a statistic measuring the tax wedge imposed upon a marginal investment, where the tax wedge is defined as the difference between the gross-of-tax return on capital and the net-of-tax return on capital for a marginal firm. The use of METRs to evaluate tax systems has a long history in many countries, but ours is its first implementation for the Indian economy. We find that the GST improves investment incentives by moderately reducing the tax burden. Further improvements can be made by streamlining the GST system, primarily by unblocking input tax credits in core sectors of the Indian economy. We also find that METRs vary significantly across Indian industries, and that the impact of the GST on investment incentives in these sectors is also heterogeneous.

Date: September 6, 2017
Time: 04:30 P.M.

Venue:
Conference Hall, Ground Floor
R&T Building
National Institute of Public Finance and Policy,
18/2 Satsang Vihar Marg, Special Institutional Area,
New Delhi-110067(INDIA)

Location:

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Note:
Those who are interested may please confirm your participation at bins.sebastian@nipfp.org.in

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